Parsing error the keyword import is reserved eslint

React — Parsing error: The keyword ‘import’ is reserved

React is a free and open source Javascript library that helps us build interactive user interfaces. It is well suitable for building SPAs (Single Page Applications) and the best thing is that its components are reusable.

In Visual Studio Code I get Parsing error: The keyword ‘import’ is reserved .

What actions would you recommend to remedy this error?

0. A minimal, complete and verifiable example

I provide my .eslintrc.json and package.json files below.
However, they will likely not be sufficient to reproduce the error.
So here is a link to a zip file containing all the necessary project files.

To locally install the project, run npm install . – This may take about 5-9 minutes. 1
Then npm start should open the project in the default web browser. 2

When I do this and hit F12 , I get no errors but two warnings in the console of the browser.

The warnings are:

‘unUsedArgument’ is defined but never used. Allowed unused args must match /^_/u no-unused-vars , and

‘unUsedVariable’ is assigned a value but never used. Allowed unused vars must match /^_/u no-unused-vars .

1. Parsing error: The keyword ‘import’ is reserved

The error in the title has nothing to do with my choice of text editor.
This is easy to confirm by running ESLint from the command line.

2. Visual Studio Code? – Other text editors or IDE:s?

The error, Parsing error: The keyword ‘import’ is reserved , also shows up when I open App.js in VS Code.

Although I am using Visual Studio Code, I invite answers (and discussions) of other text editors and IDE:s as well. Note that – in addition to installing ESLint correctly via npm – you also have to install a plugin/extension for your specific integrated development environment (IDE).
In my case, I use the official VS Code ESLint extension. 3

Still, the focus here should clearly be on the npm command and on the installation of Node.js packages.

3. Configuration files of my reproducible example

4. Is this question a duplicate?

I believe my question is not a duplicate of that question.

The origin of the package.json of my question comes from a Create React App via the command
npx create-react-app .

The package.json of the other question is missing the react-scripts npm package which every Create React App must have. The other question is clearly not about Create React App, whereas my question is. 4

4a. How is ESLint integrated into Create React App?

As this answer explains, a Create React App depends directly on the react-scripts package.

The react-scripts package in turn depends on the eslint-config-react-app package, which in turn depends on the @babel/eslint-parser package. I will come back to the latter below.

4b. Do any of the answers of the other question solve my question?

In summary, the key criterion for if a question is a duplicate is if any of the answers to the other question provides a solution to my own question.

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So the key question is if there is such an answer.

First of all, the highest voted answer is obsolete in that it suggests to install the deprecated babel-eslint package. The authors of that package explicitly instruct to use the successor package @babel/eslint-parser instead of babel-eslint .

Installing the deprecated babel-eslint package would be even more problematic in my Create React App example, since @babel/eslint-parser is already installed. I cannot accept a suggestion to simultaneously install two different versions of the ESLint Parser (of which one is deprecated).

The accepted answer is not relevant in my case, as I installed ESLint only locally (not globally).

For all the other answers I tried the suggested solutions on my reproducible example, one by one. Most of them resulted in a different error message than mine, but none of them solved my question – contrary to the two self-answers I have posted below.

Although the error messages are identical in the two questions – the reasons for why they occur are obviously significantly different. I conclude that my question is not a duplicate of Parsing Error The Keyword import is Reserved (SublimeLinter-contrib-eslint).

5. Other reports of the error

In references 18-24 of the list below, I link some previous reports of the error here – or similar errors. Some of those links (questions) are likely related to the issue here, but possibly not all of them.

References

2 In my case Google Chrome Version 98.0.4758.102, 64-bit. Running on Windows 10.

3 Apart from installing the extension, I have added «eslint.nodePath»: «C:\\Program Files\\nodejs», to my (user) settings.json file in VS Code. No other changes.

4 I have added the create-react-app tag to my question.

Answers

There are 2 suggested solutions here and each one has been listed below with a detailed description. The following topics have been covered briefly such as Reactjs, Create React App, Npm, Eslint. These have been categorized in sections for a clear and precise explanation.

Here is simple solution – just move the rules attribute from .eslintrc.json to the eslintConfig attribute of package.json . 1

And don’t keep .eslintrc.json . Just delete it! 2

The package.json file will now be as follows.

Check to see that you were successful.
Use the first line if you are on Microsoft Windows (backslashes).
Use the second line if you are on Linux or macOS (forward slashes).

If your text editor (VS Code in my case) is still open, make sure that you restart it before you expect to see the error go away!

References

1 I got the idea from this post.

2 Don’t run npm init @eslint/config either.
The error(s) will persevere if you don’t delete .eslintrc.json !

3 A. If you suspect that you may have a global installation of ESLint, first run:
npm uninstall eslint —global

B. If you have already run npm install – as suggested on line 6 in the question – then you should not need to run npm install eslint —save-dev to install ESLint.
Because the first npm install also installs ESLint, as I discovered when writing this answer.

0. Prerequisites

If the server is running, close it by hitting Ctrl + C .

I strongly recommend uninstalling any global installations of ESLint.
To see what global packages are installed, in the command line run: 1

If ESLint is globally installed, uninstall by running:

To correctly install ESLint into your local project, I recommend performing the following two steps.

Locally install ESLint.

Create a functioning .eslintrc.json file.

As it turns out, you will also need to do a third step.

  1. Update all npm packages to their latest versions.

1. Locally install ESLint

To locally install ESLint, run: 2

at the end of package.json .

2. Create a .eslintrc.json file that works

NOTE! Before moving on, do yourself a favor by saving a copy of your current .eslintrc.json file, as the next command will destroy (recreate) that file.

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To create a new .eslintrc.json file, run:

You will be asked a number of questions, to which I answer by pressing Enter to choose the default, except for the format which I choose to be JSON (instead of JavaScript ).

In addition to creating the .eslintrc.json file, this will also add the «eslint-plugin-react»: «^7.29.2» attribute under devDependencies to the package.json file. 3

The command npm init @eslint/config destroys the existing .eslintrc.json file, so you will have to manually add back any «rules» or other JSON settings that you want to keep.
In this case, I add back the rules that were in the original .eslintrc.json .
The result is as below.

Now when I open VS Code, instead of an error there are two warnings, which is exactly the desired outcome.

Great! But wait – unfortunately there turns out to be a fly in the ointment. The problem is that, when I now run npm start to open the project in the web browser and hit F12 , two errors show up in the console.
The error messages are:

  • Uncaught ReferenceError: process is not defined , and
  • Line 0: Parsing error: ImportDeclaration should appear when the mode is ES6 and in the module context .

Luckily, I have already posted a solution to this problem, namely:
Update all npm packages to their latest versions.
The section below is a bit succinct, so if you want more flesh on the bones, go visit that other answer.

Update all npm packages to their latest versions

Consider updating all npm packages to their latest versions.
The purpose is to decrease the risk of getting version conflicts.
The advice to update all packages has also been put forth in this answer.

A. Globally install npm-check-updates

In the command line, run:

B. Update package.json to contain the latest versions

The following command will write the latest package version numbers to your package.json :

Here is what it looks like in Windows 10:

C. Install the latest versions

In the command line, run:

D. Check for errors in the browser and/or in the terminal

In the command line, run:

Both the browser and the terminal now displays five errors.

Discomforting, eh?

Yes definitely! – But don’t give up hope! Just close the server ( Ctrl + C ) and try it over and over again.
Yesterday when I got these errors, all I needed to do was to run npm start one more time.
Today I tried running npm start 4-5 more times, but still got the errors.
So I tried npm install && npm start twice, and finally it ran without errors.
Not sure what is going on. Maybe some time has to pass before it works?

Finally there are no errors in the browser.

And the terminal says Compiled successfully!

Conclusion

Following the steps above helped me remedy the error in the question title:
Parsing error: The keyword ‘import’ is reserved.

For a project with settings even slightly different, 5 just copy-pasting from the .eslintrc.json file above is unlikely to work.
Running npm init @eslint/config and upgrading all packages is more likely to be successful.

References

1 I am on Windows 10, but I expect all the commands provided here to work just as fine on both Linux and macOS.

2 A. Expect this command to take about 5-10 minutes to complete.
B. As long as your source code is not transformed by Babel, there is no reason to install @babel/eslint-parser . Just normal eslint should be enough. See When should I use @babel/eslint-parser ?
If you are using TypeScript, then you will need @babel/eslint-parser .
The command to install is:
npm install eslint @babel/core @babel/eslint-parser —save-dev
The npm init @eslint/config configuration command should be used in the same way as for the normal (non[email protected]) ESLint.

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3 The «eslint-plugin-react» attribute in package.json does not seem to be of much relevance though.

4 The two warnings still show up in the text editor – just as they should.

5 For example, you might be using Angular or Vue instead of React.

Источник

ESLint sort imports

Oct 4, 2021 • Blog • Edit

This article goes over how to sort imports with ESLint.

Prerequites

Install

Install eslint with npm:

Your package.json should look like:

Config

Create an ESLint config:

Your .eslintrc will look like:

Execute the eslint binary with npx:

Or create a package.json script:

To call it from the command line:

If you encounter the parsing error:

Update your .eslintrc with the following:

Problem

Let’s say you have the index.js :

As more modules are imported, it can get messy. So how can we enforce a sorting order without having to do it manually each time? With ESLint.

Solution

sort-imports

ESLint has the rule sort-imports . To enable it in .eslintrc :

But when you run eslint , you’ll get the errors:

Autofixable errors can be fixed by passing —fix in the CLI:

This fixes the member sort error, as shown in the diff below:

But the declaration sort error still persists. This is because changing the evaluation order of imported modules may lead to unexpected changes in how the code works (see #11542).

As a result, there’s no automatic fix for this rule. You’ll either need to manually fix it or ignore the sorting of import declaration statements like below:

This isn’t ideal so what can you do? You can find other ESLint plugins that handle import sorting.

eslint-plugin-simple-import-sort

One ESLint plugin that performs autofixable import sorting is eslint-plugin-simple-import-sort .

Источник

Getting Prettier, Eslint and Vscode to work together

For quite a while I’ve tried getting Prettier, Eslint and Vscode to work together, but never found a solution that satisfied me. Now, as I’m working on a new React project in my day job, I finally found some time to make it work.

Wait what are Eslint and Prettier?

Eslint is a javascript linter that can help you find syntax or other errors. Eslint can be extended by plugging in pre-defined configs or completely configuring it yourself. Paired with the plugin for vscode, it can show you errors as you type.

Prettier is a code formatter for quite a few languages, including javascript. You can have code being automatically or optionally formatted with it.

Prerequisites

I assume you have basic knowledge about NPM and Vscode, as I won’t cover it here. You need to have:

  • Vscode installed
  • NodeJS and NPM installed

Install Vscode plugins

First of all install the Vscode plugins ESLint and Prettier — Code formatter and make sure they’re enabled.

Install dependencies

Exit fullscreen mode

Setup the config files

Create an .eslintrc file in your project root.

In here we basically tell Eslint to:

  • Extend from the recommended prettier config
  • Register the Prettier plugin we installed
  • Show Prettier errors as errors

Exit fullscreen mode

Note: Your eslint config can include many more rules. I’m keeping it simple and easy to grasp.

Next create a .prettierrc file in your project root.

You can tweak these settings, or add new ones as you like:

Exit fullscreen mode

Enable formatOnSave in Vscode

Look for formatOnSave and check the checkbox, or add this line to settings.json :

Exit fullscreen mode

Try it out

If you kept the .prettierrc file like above, Vscode should now:

  • indent your code with 2 spaces
  • use single quotes instead of double
  • add semicolons add the end of each line

If you’re having trouble try restarting Vscode.

Источник

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